Of course, a career in the space sciences would require a job in a suitable firm. Jobs in astronomy are mainly in the sector of industry and academics.
An academic career in astronomy mainly revolves around research or teaching or both. For pursuing a research career, one can continue their research at the institute they did the Ph.D. from and get a permanent job as a scientist or an academic researcher.
Indian institutes where one can join as an astronomy scholar are:
- ISRO (Indian Space Research Organisation)
- BARC (Bhaba Atomic Research Center)
- IUCAA (Inter-University Centre for Astronomy and Astrophysics), Pune
- TIFAC (Technology Information, Forecasting and Assessment Council), Delhi
- ARIES (Aryabhatta Research Institute of Observational Sciences), Nainital
- IISc (Indian Institute of Sciences), Bangalore
- RRI (Raman Research Institute), Bangalore
- IITM (Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology), Pune
Most of these organizations recruit researchers based on JRF (Junior Research Fellowship) and through exams like GATE and UGC-NET. ISRO conducts ISRO Centralized Recruitment Board (ICRB) for graduate students of engineering. Postgraduate and doctoral students of other science fields can apply directly through a written exam and an interview.
A career in teaching could also be a point of interest for many post graduates. In such cases, the UGC NET exam can be written by the students to get a job as a professor.
Industry-based jobs are also provided by some of the above-mentioned institutes.
Apart from opportunities in India, there are several organizations abroad that recruit brilliant astronomy scholars as a part of their research and industrial team. Some notable organizations are:
- NASA (National Aeronautics and Space Administration)
- IAU (International Astronomical Union)
Apart from the traditional careers through Physics and Mathematics, there are several other ways to build an interdisciplinary career in other subjects of STEM. Some interdisciplinary approaches are listed below
These disciplines also go by “Exo-” instead of Astro-.
To get into interdisciplinary space sciences, one can also major in the associated subjects along with having a deep understanding of Physics and Planetary Sciences.
Other than the ones stated above, some Indian opportunities in interdisciplinary astronomy are provided by organizations like the Indian Astrobiology Research Centre (IARC), Geological Survey of India (GSI), etc.
Likewise, if one has not done a relevant degree in the field, there are ample opportunities to delve deeper into the field of astronomy through online courses and stargazing trips!